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PMP认证考试练习题(1,2)
1、【 单选题
communications is best described as: [2.5分]
an exchange of information.
providing written or oral directions.
consists of senders and receivers
effective listening.
all of the above
答案:
2、【 单选题
the highest degrees of project risk and uncertainty are associated with the following phase of the project: [2.5分]
conceptual
execution
cut-over
post project evaluation
a and d only
答案:
3、【 单选题
the most common types of schedules are gantt charts, milestone charts, line of balance, and: [2.5分]
networks.
time phased events.
calendar integrated activities.
a and c only.
b and c only.
答案:
4、【 单选题
fixed price contracts place more risk on the: [2.5分]
owner
buyer
seller
contractor
c or d
答案:
5、【 单选题
which of the following is often overlooked in achieving effective communication? [2.5分]
speaking clearly
listening
interpreting
maintaining eye contact
manipulating the conversation
答案:
6、【 单选题
life cycle costing is the total cost to the customer for the acquisition and ownership over its full life. life cycle costing categories include the cost
of (    ), (    ), and (    ). [2.5分]
r & d, maintainability, operation and support.
r & d, production, operation and support.
acquisition, operations, maintenance.
production, operations, maintenance.
none of the above
答案:
7、【 单选题
which type of contract requires that the buyer keep the tightest labor/material cost control? [2.5分]
cost plus incentive fee
cost plus percentage of costs
cost plus fixed fee
firm fixed price
firm fixed price plus incentive
答案:
8、【 单选题
management by objectives assumes that the team: [2.5分]
is receptive to an unstructured environment.
does not require close supervision.
possesses a self directed philosophy
identifies with project objectives.
all of the above.
答案:
9、【 单选题
a task-oriented family tree of activities is a: [2.5分]
detailed plan.
linear responsibility chart.
work breakdown structure.
cost account coding system.
work package description.
答案:
10、【 单选题
quality may be defined as: [2.5分]
conformance to requirements.
fitness for use.
continuous improvement of products and services
appeal to the customer
all of the above except b
答案:
11、【 单选题
adding 5 people to a 4 person team increases the communication channels by a factor of: [2.5分]
2 times
3 times
4 times
5 times
6 times
答案:
12、【 单选题
since risk is associated with most projects, the best course of action is to: [2.5分]
cover all project risks by buying appropriate insurance
ignore the risks, since nothing can be done about them and move forward with the project in an expeditious manner.
avoid projects with clear and present risks
eliminate all known risks prior to the execution phase of the project
identify various risks and implement actions to mitigate their potential impact
答案:
13、【 单选题
cost management includes: [2.5分]
cost estimating/forecasting.
cost budgeting/cost control.
cost applications.
all of the above.
a and b only.
答案:
14、【 单选题
the process of choosing/documenting the best approach to achieve the project objectives is part of: [2.5分]
the scope baseline.
scope authorization
scope definition
scope planning.
all of the above.
答案:
15、【 单选题
time management is the allocation of time in a project's life cycle through the process of: [2.5分]
planning
estimating.
scheduling.
controlling
all of the above.
答案:
16、【 单选题
participative management: [2.5分]
involves the solicitation of information from all team members.
assumes that members avoid work and responsibility.
suggests the sharing of power and decision making.
employs a theory x style of leadership.
a and c
答案:
17、【 单选题
a comprehensive definition of scope management would be: [2.5分]
managing a project in terms of its objective through the concept, development, implementation, and termination phases of a project.
approval of the scope baseline.
approval of the detailed project charter.
configuration control.
approved detailed planning including budgets, resource allocation, linear responsibility charts and management sponsorship.
答案:
18、【 单选题
the auditing function that provides feedback about the quality of output is referred to as: [2.5分]
quality control.
quality planning.
quality assurance.
quality improvement
all of the above.
答案:
19、【 单选题
the lowest dollar amount 'at stake' is associated with the following phase of the project: [2.5分]
conceptual
execution
cut-over
post project evaluation
a and d only
答案:
20、【 单选题
cost plus percentage of cost contracts are more desirable for the: [2.5分]
owner
buyer
seller
contractor
c or d
答案:
21、【 单选题
the major disadvantage of a bar chart is: [2.5分]
lack of time-phasing.
cannot be related to calendar dates.
does not show activity interrelationships.
cannot be related to manpower planning.
cannot be related to cost estimates.
答案:
22、【 单选题
management styles associated with production environments, such as assembly lines commonly include: [2.5分]
a directing style of leadership.
a lack of confidence in their workers
assumption that workers lack ambition and dislike responsibility
a theory x style of leadership
all of the above.
答案:
23、【 单选题
quality management: [2.5分]
is another name for careful inspections.
is inversely related to productivity.
is primarily the responsiblity of management.
is primarily the responsibility of the workers.
is essentially a motivational technique.
答案:
24、【 单选题
which contract type consists of - target costs & profit, ceiling prices and shared ratio of risk? [2.5分]
cost plus incentive fee
cost plus percentage of costs
cost plus fixed fee
firm fixed price
firm fixed price plus incentive
答案:
25、【 单选题
methods and techniques used to examine cost and technical data are called feasibility studies. the economic aspects of a feasibility study
include interest rates, present worth factors, operating costs, depreciation and (    ). [2.5分]
capitalization costs.
technical skill requirements.
technology forecasting.
strategic marketing intelligence.
all of the above.
答案:
26、【 单选题
risk management allows the project manager and the project team to: [2.5分]
eliminate most risks during the planning phase of the project
identify project risks
identify impacts of various risks
plan suitable responses
b, c and d only
答案:
27、【 单选题
scheduling is the process by which decisions are made concerning: [2.5分]
tasks to be accomplished.
personnel/organization that will be assigned to accomplish the task.
time when the tasks are to be completed.
all of the above.
a and c only.
答案:
28、【 单选题
standard of purchased material: [2.5分]
simplifies inventory control
reduces the risk of obsolescence
reduces cost of purchasing and storage
all of the above.
a and c only.
答案:
29、【 单选题
the basic elements of communication include: [2.5分]
listening, talking and sign language.
communicator, encoding, message, medium, decoding, receiver, and feedback
clarity of speech and good listening habits
reading, writing and listening
all of the above
答案:
30、【 单选题
the "control points" in the work breakdown structure used for isolated assignments to work centers are referred to as: [2.5分]
work packages.
subtasks.
tasks.
code of accounts.
integration points.
答案:
31、【 单选题
which of the following would most likely increase the accuracy of estimating the project cost? [2.5分]
pricing out the work at lower levels in the work breakdown structure.
using historical data.
talking to people who have worked on similar projects.
all of the above.
a and c only.
答案:
32、【 单选题
the utility of network-based schedules: [2.5分]
reveals interdependencies.
facilitates "what if" exercises.
highlights critical activities.
provides information on resource requirements, time requirements and tradeoffs.
all of the above.
答案:
33、【 单选题
the way a project manager sends and receives information depends upon: [2.5分]
how others relate to the project manager
the project manager's level in the organizational hierarchy
the size and nature of the project
the project manager's salary and age
the number of projects going on at one time in the company
答案:
34、【 单选题
a variance envelope has been established on a project. the envelope goes from +-30% in r&d to +-5% during manufacturing. the reason for
the change in thickness of the envelope is because: [2.5分]
the management reserve has been used up.
the accuracy of the estimates in manufacturing are worse than the estimates in r &
tighter controls are always needed as a project begins to wind down.
of the personal desires of the project sponsor.
of none of the above
答案:
35、【 单选题
cost of quality is: [2.5分]
associated with non-conformance to specifications and requirements.
primarily caused by poor workmanship of workers who are building or manufacturing the product.
used to determine whether a quality management program is suitable for a given project.
negligible for most large projects.
a and b
答案:
36、【 单选题
uncertainty refers to a situation where: [2.5分]
the outcomes are known but their probabilities are high
the outcomes and their probabilities are known
neither the outcomes nor their probabilities are known
states of nature can change at any time
probabilities of various states of nature can change at any time
答案:
37、【 单选题
which of the following is closet to deming's definition of quality: [2.5分]
conformance to requirements.
fitness for use.
continuous improvement of products and services.
customer focus.
all of the above.
答案:
38、【 单选题
management plans include all of the following except: [2.5分]
organization of project.
job descriptions.
policies and procedures.
linear responsibility charts.
scope baseline.
答案:
39、【 单选题
the japanese resource management model exhibits: [2.5分]
a cooperative spirit of goal setting.
non-specialized career paths
frequent changes in team assignments
a theory z style of management
all of the above.
答案:
40、【 单选题
it is useful to conduct project risk assessment according to the project's [2.5分]
charter
statement of work
work breakdown structure
network
budget
答案:
1
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